CBD, or cannabidiol, is derived from hemp plants and interacts with our body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS plays a role in regulating various bodily functions such as appetite, mood, sleep, and pain sensation. CBD works by interacting with the receptors of the ECS, specifically the CB1 and CB2 receptors.
CB1 receptors are primarily located in the brain and central nervous system while CB2 receptors are found mainly in immune cells. When CBD enters our body, it can bind to these receptors and modulate their function. For example, CBD can inhibit the breakdown of anandamide which is a neurotransmitter that helps regulate pain perception.
CBD also has anti-inflammatory properties which can help alleviate symptoms related to conditions such as arthritis or multiple sclerosis. Additionally, some studies have shown that CBD may help reduce anxiety by affecting serotonin levels in the brain.
While more research is needed to fully understand how CBD works within our bodies and its potential benefits for various conditions and ailments; current evidence suggests that it interacts with our endocannabinoid system to produce therapeutic effects without causing psychoactive effects as THC does.