CBD oil works by interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), a complex cell-signaling network that helps regulate various bodily functions such as sleep, appetite, mood, and immune response. The ECS contains two main receptors: CB1 and CB2. CBD doesn’t directly bind to these receptors but instead interacts with them indirectly.
Studies suggest that CBD may help increase levels of anandamide, a neurotransmitter known as the “bliss molecule,” which can reduce pain perception and promote feelings of well-being. Additionally, CBD may also block certain enzymes in the ECS that break down anandamide, thereby prolonging its effects.
CBD has also shown potential for reducing inflammation by inhibiting cytokine production and promoting T-regulatory cells’ function. In this way, it could be useful in treating inflammatory conditions like arthritis or even autoimmune disorders like multiple sclerosis.
While more research is still needed to fully understand how CBD works within the body’s intricate systems, early studies have suggested many possible benefits for improved health and well-being.